By using Water-Jel for cooling burns and scalds the heat is transferred from the skin surface into the gel. The temperature in the burn wound decreases very quickly which results in a quick pain relief and reduction in skin destruction. In the gel layer a heat flow (convection) starts. The heat energy gets spread over the whole gel surface. At the gel surface the heat is released from the the gel by direct transfer with the surrounding air. The buffer effect of the gel layer leads to a rapid local heat transfer out of the burn wound without reducing the temperature around the area of usage. The risk of inducing hypothermia is reduced.

Abstract from a study of the University of Miami, School of Medicine:

"Water-Jel burn dressings reduced the temperature at the burn wound without significantly reducing the core body temperature. This data suggests that there was no risk for hypothermia following Water-Jel treatment. We believe that the ability of this dressing to reduce the burn wound temperature may reduce the progression of injury as indicated by the preliminary histological results. The presence of a thinner band of epidermal and dermal necrosis four days post burning in Water-Jel treated burns, would be an important justification for the use of the Water-Jel products as a first-aid therapy."